Losing a Job
What to do in case you lose your job
1) If you are not required to have a work permit
2) If you need a work permit (povolení k zaměstnání) from the Labour Office
3) The employer's obligation to inform the Labour Office
4) Registering with the Labour Office (evidence na úřadu práce)
5) How can you register as a job seeker?
6) What will you need to register?
7) What can the Labour Office (ÚP) do for you?
8) What are your responsibilities?
9) Extra earnings while registered with the Labour Office
10) You found a new job?
11) Termination of the Labour Office registry
12) Unemployment benefits (podpora v nezaměstnanosti)
Do you have permanent residence or are you under international or supplimental protection? Are you staying in the Czech Republic for the purpose of family reunification with a foreigner who has permanent residence, who has been granted asylum or who is a Czech/EU citizen?
- Prepare your professional CV (životopis) and learn how to write a cover letter (motivační dopis). In your professional CV you should include your name, address, contact information, your education (list schools and dates of attendance, the title of your program of study, degrees earned), describe your work experience (employers, dates of employment, location of workplace, what your responsibilities were), specify what language skills you have, and list any other qualifications (PC, driving license, etc.).
- If you are not starting new job right right after loosing your previous job, you can register as a job seeker at the Labour Office (Úřad práce, ÚP). If you meet the applicable conditions, the State will pay your health insurance premium, and the period of time you are a registered job seeker will count towards your pension insurance (a so-called alternative insurance period). You may be eligible for unemployment benefits (see below).
- Search for a job. Use internet portals, classified adverts in daily newspapers and in local publications. To become an employee again you will need Confirmation of Employment (potvrzení o zaměstnání, previously called “zápočtový list”) and the Personal Records for Pension Insurance form (“evidenční list důchodového pojištění”). If you did not receive these documents, your previous employer is obliged by law to provide them to you on your request even after your employment ended.
Note: Employment must always be concluded in writing (employment contract, agreement to perform work or agreement on work activities) and you must get an original copy of the document.
You employment has ended and therefore your work permit has possibly expired. Under certain conditions you could be eligible for a 60 day protection period during which you can search for a new job. You can take advantage of the protection period if:
- your employment was terminated for organizational or health reasons, or your employer did not pay you by the 15th day after the pay was due and so you immediately terminated the employment
- and at the same time you had resided in the territory of the Czech Republic with a visa or a long term residence permit for the purpose of employment for at least 1 year prior to the day your employment ended, or less than a year in case you had resided continuously in the Czech Republic for at least 3 years on a long term visa and/or long term residence permit by the day your employment ended.
The protection period starts the day after your employment officially ends. During this period you do not lose your legal residence status. When you find a new job, both you and your employer must apply for a new work permit at Labour Office.
The work permit must be applied for at the district Labour Office (ÚP).
Note: From January 1, 2012 the Labor Office issues work permits for unskilled work positions based on the local labor market conditions. The Office will only issue a permit for a job opening for which there is no other suitable applicant.
The Labor Office will issue permits for jobs openings which require a High School diploma (“maturita”) or a university degree. You degree of Diploma must be legally recognized (“nostrifikace”).
The employer is obligated to notify the local Labour Office (ÚP) when a foreigner is employed. The employer must inform the ÚP within 10 days about the start and end of your employment, if you do not, in fact, start work, if you terminate your employment before your work permit expires, if your employment was terminated by Notice or by mutual agreement due to organizational reasons or due to your medical conditions, or if your employment was terminated immediately. In the two latter cases the reason for the termination must be given.
Note: If you have long term residence for the purpose of employment, the Foreigners’ Police may consider termination of your employment as a violation of the intended purpose of your stay.
Who can register with the Labour Office (ÚP) as a job seeker?
- foreigners with permanent residence, under international protection or suplimental protection, EU citizens and their family members can become registered job seekers. Your health insurance company will inform you whether you are entitled to get coverage of the health insurance premium by the State
- if you have another residency status, you can register in the ÚP as a candidate for work (but your are not entitled to either the coverage of the health insurance or unemployment benefits)
- you cannot register as a job seeker if you have a full time job, if you are a full time student, a recipient of maternity benefits, or you are declared disabled in the 3rd degree. Note: if you receive parental benefits, you can register as a jobseeker, but you will then be required to fulfill the obligations of a job seeker.
- if you have reached retirement age but you do not qualify for a pension, you can be registered as a job seeker, but you will not be eligible for unemployment benefits.
- register in the local or district ÚP, depending on your permanent residence is (the office is noted in your official documents)
- you can register anytime after the termination of your employment, but if you do so in 3 business days, you will be registered as of immediately following the termination of the employment, with no gap.
- at the ÚP you will fill in two forms: an application for employment assistance (“žádost o zprostředkování zaměstnání”) and an application for unemployment benefits (“žádost o podporu v nezaměstnanosti”), if applicable.
- Personal identity document (residence permit card, passport)
- Confirmation of Employment
- written proof of termination of your employment (the Notice, the termination agreement or employment contract)
- proof of your average monthly earnings (provided by your employer)
- Personal Records for Pension Insurance form.
- If you have a medical condition which limits your choice of employment, you have to provide a medical assessment or an official decision about the severity of your disability.
- You will receive a confirmation of registration. Be sure to submit this confirmation letter to your health insurance company within 8 days.
- the ÚP provides job placement services.
- the ÚP pays the unemployment benefits (podpora v nezaměstnanosti)
- your health insurance is covered by the State for the period you are registered, if your residence status makes you eligible (contact your health insurance provider) registration with the ÚP is essential for receiving certain types of welfare benefits.
- the time you are registered with the ÚP counts towards pension benefits if you are eligible for unemployment benefits or re-training courses (rekvalifikační kurz), for up to a maximum of 3 years
- the ÚP may cover the cost of a an accredited re-training course of your choosing. (The ÚP sets the maximum price.) The ÚP will consider if there is interest in the job market for the particular qualification the course provides. Some types of re-qualification courses may require a medical entrance examination.
- If you are offered re-qualification and you accept the offer, you will be required to complete the course (you can drop out only for serious reasons otherwise the cost will not be covered and you will have to pay for the course yourself)
- the ÚP may enroll you a so-called shared job placement program with an employment agency, which may assist in job placement. You will continue to receive unemployment benefits if you are eligible.
Note: Registration with the Labour Office brings with it responsibilities similar to employment. If you do not want to be excluded (expelled) from the Labour Office registry, cooperate closely with your Labour Office advisor:
- always be on time for appointments at the Labour Office
- if you cannot come for medical reasons, cancel the appointment in advance and then bring a confirmation from your doctor
- do not decline jobs offered to you by the Labour Office. When you receive a printed job posting from the Labour Office, arrange a meeting with the employer and see them in person within 3 days
- the employer can offer you a job or choose not to. You, however, cannot decline the job offer without good reasons
You can be excluded from the Labour Office registry for the following reasons:
- if you decline employment without a serious reason for doing so
- if the ÚP places you with an employer and you terminate the employment (by Notice or by agreement) without serious reasons (such as health limitations, care for a family member or non-payment of your salary by the employer)
- if your employer terminates the employment because of gross misconduct by you
- if you do not accept community service or public benefit work without serious reasons
You can re-apply for registration in 6 months.
The ÚP official can enroll you in the so-called DONEZ system (docházka nezaměstnaných) if you have been repeatedly registered with the ÚP, if you have had one or more short-term jobs in the last 6 months, if you are younger than 26 years or if you fall under certain professions.
A registrant enrolled in DONEZ must present him or herself at a specified time at a CZECH POINT location (city district office or Post Office). The ÚP sets the date and time, which may be up to 3× a week. If you are ill, you must bring a doctor’s note to the ÚP.
- If you have been registered for more than 2 months, the ÚP may assign you to public benefit work (veřejně prospěšné práce) for up to 20 hours a week. The work does not need to match your qualifications. You will be paid for the work, but you will loose unemployment benefits.
- If you are registered for more than 1 year, you may be assigned community service (veřejná služba) for up to 20 hours a week. Performing community service is mandatory in order to continue receiving unemployment benefits, but you will not be paid separately for it.
- Not accepting public benefit work or community service without serious reasons will cause you to be excluded from the ÚP registration on the grounds of declining suitable employment. You cannot re-apply for 6 months. If you receive welfare benefits, you will become ineligible.
- Keep the ÚP informed of any important changes (such as illness, change of address or other contact information, account number changes, temporary jobs, extra earnings) within 8 days.
- If you receive unemployment benefits, you cannot have extra earnings or short-term jobs. Regardless of how much you earn, you will loose unemployment benefits.
- You can, however, have a so-called non-interfering job while being registered with the ÚP if you do not seek unemployment benefits. You may not earn more than 4000CZK/month.
- Inform the ÚP of the temporary job or earnings within 8 days. The temporary work may not interfere with your obligations as a job-seeker!
- If the ÚP discovers that you are working illegally or that you are earning more than allowed, you will be excluded from registration and you may be subject to sanctions.
- inform the Labour Office before starting your new job
- submit an employment contract or a statement of intent to employ you from the employer with the starting date to the Labour Office
- your registration in the Labour Office will be terminated the day the new job begins; the responsibility to register you with health insurance companies and to pay health and social insurance premiums is transferred to your new employer
- you can be excluded if you do not follow responsibilities of a jobseeker (see above)
- the Labour Office can exclude you retroactively as of the date you violated your obligations. This may jeopardize certain welfare benefits. From the day you become excluded you will be personally responsible to pay your health care premiums.
- you can register again in 6 months after being excluded, in the case of less serious violations, you can re-register after 3 months
The procedure for exclusion from the Labour Office registry:
- The initiation of administrative proceedings – the Labour Office must inform you in writing that administrative proceedings have been initiated and for what reason, and also about your rights and obligations in these proceedings;
- Your official statement for the record – you can express your standpoint in writing and provide new information (for example a medical report); typically, you will have 5 days from the initiation of the proceedings to respond.
Decision – the Labour Office will issue a written decision about your exclusion with reasons why and from what date you have been excluded;
- you can appeal this decision within a given period. The appeal does not suspend the original decision (the original date of exclusion stands);
- if your appeal is denied by the Labour Office, the Office will send your file to the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (MPSV). MPSV will assess and decide your case.
- you as a job seeker are entitled to unemployment benefits if you worked for at least 12 months within last 2 years
- you must apply for unemployment benefits using the appropriate form and include the Confirmation of Employment and Personal Records for Pension Insurance form
- the period for which you can receive unemployment benefits depends on your age (in 2012: 5 months if you are less than 50, 8 months if you are between 50 and 55, 11 months if you over 55 yeas of age)
- the amount of unemployment benefits depends on the earnings from your last job and it decreases through the period of your registration
- if you receive severance pay, you not will be eligible for unemployment benefits until after the period for which you get severance. Note: it suffices that you are entitled to severance benefits, the ÚP does not verify that you actually received the severance payment(s)!
- If you give Notice or end you employment by agreement without serious reasons, your unemployment benefits will be 45% for the entire period you are eligible.
- The ÚP official will provide more information about unemployment benefits and eligibility